Object

Title: Advanced Modulation and Coding Challenges on The Way to 400G and Terabit Ethernet

Coverage:

280-283

Abstract:

The most common modulation scheme for 100GE today is NRZ modulation. 100GE is achieved by using 4 lanes of 25 gigabit per second (Gb/s) NRZ modulated signals. Theoretically, reaching 400GE speeds with NRZ is possible by applying these same concepts using 8 lanes of 56 Gb/s signaling. However, as speeds of NRZ designs increase above 28 Gb/s, channel loss of the transmission medium becomes a limiting factor. PAM4 signals use 4 amplitude levels with logical bits 00, 01, 10 and 11 to represent a symbol. However, PAM4 designs are far more susceptible to noise since four signal levels are packed into an amplitude swing of two. Therefore, the signal to noise ratio (SNR) is lower and analyzing noise from transceiver designs needs to account for channel return loss, as well as noise from the test instrumentation. PAM4 will use forward error correction (FEC) to account for this.

Date created:

2018-12-28

Identifier:

oai:arar.sci.am:23526

Journal or Publication Title:

Armenian Journal of Physics

Date of publication:

2018

Volume:

11

Number:

4

ISSN:

1829-1171

Location of original object:

ՀՀ ԳԱԱ Հիմնարար գիտական գրադարան

Object collections:

Last modified:

Jan 12, 2021

In our library since:

Feb 27, 2020

Number of object content hits:

0

All available object's versions:

https://arar.sci.am/publication/26294

Show description in RDF format:

RDF

Show description in OAI-PMH format:

OAI-PMH

This page uses 'cookies'. More information